The Museum Collection

Poe's Works in the American Review

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Date: 1845-1852
Format: Bound Journals
Source: Gift of John W. Robertson
Collection: Poe Foundation, Inc.
Place of Publication: New York
Publish Date: 1845-1852
Introduction to First Printing of "The Raven"
The introduction reads,"The following lines from a correspondent -- besides the deep quaint strain of the sentiment, and the curious introduction of some ludicrous touches amidst the serious and impressive, as was doubtless intended by the author -- appear to us one of the most felicitous specimens of unique rhyming which has for some time met our eye. The resources of English rhythm for varieties of melody, measure, and sound, producing corresponding diversities of effect, have been thoroughly studied, much more perceived, by very few poets in the language. While the classic tongues, especially the Greek, possess, by power of accent, several advantages for versification over our own, chiefly through greater abundance of spondaic feet, we have other and very great advantages of sound by the modern usage of rhyme. Alliteration is nearly the only effect of that kind which the ancients had in common with us. It will be seen that much of the melody of 'The Raven' arises from alliteration, and the studious use of similar sounds in unusual places. In regard to its measure, it may be noted that if all the verses were like the second, they might properly be placed merely in short lines, producing a not uncommon form; but the presence in all the others of one line -- mostly the second in the verse -- which flows continuously, with only an aspirate pause in the middle, like that before the short line in the Sapphic Adonic, while the fifth has at the middle pause no similarity of sound with any part beside, gives the versification an entirely different effect. We could wish the capacities of our noble language, in prosody, were better understood. -- ED. AM. REV."
First Page of First Printing of "The Raven"
Notice that the poem is printed under the psuedonym "Quarles." This is the earliest version of the poem. Poe continued to revise the poem until his death, so the version printed in today's collections of Poe's poetry differs greatly from this original form.
Second and Third Pages of "The Raven"
February 1845 Issue Containing First Printing of "The Raven"
The February 1845 issue was printed in mid-January. Within days of its release, "The Raven" was copied and reprinted in The Evening Mirror on January 29, 1845.
First Printing of "The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar"
Notice the original title: "Facts of M. Valdemar's Case."
December 1845 Issue
This issue contains the first printing of Poe's tale "The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar."
Title Page for Volume I
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Among Poe's major works that had their first appearances in the American Review were "The Raven" (February 1845), "The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar" (December 1845 under the original title "The Facts of M. Valdemar's Case"), "Ulalume" (December 1847), and "Some Words with a Mummy" (April 1845). Begun as an organ of the Whig Party, the American Review had a readership of between 3,000 and 5,000 readers during its eight years of existence. The magazine began in 1845 under the editor George H. Colton. It was the poet James Russell Lowell who suggested to Colton that he publish some of Poe's works in the journal. This resulted in the publication of "The Raven" for which Poe was paid about $15.

The Poe Museum owns a set of the American Review running from the first volume in 1845 to the last in 1852.